Saturday, December 31, 2016

Everything About Construction

What is Construction?

        Construction is the process of constructing building and infrastructure like electric power, oil and gas, water and wastewater, communications, transportation, and the collections of buildings. Construction is starts with planning, designing and financing.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Construction activity has been in existence since the caveman started building his dwelling. Construction has created many wonders in the world. Construction has provided many facilities for the benefit of the mankind. Construction is a major component of the new investments.

Types of building

  • Commercial buildings

  • Residential buildings

  • Industrial buildings

  • Religious buildings

  • Transport buildings

  • Infrastructure

  • Power Providers

  • Educational buildings

  • Medical buildings

  • Military buildings




Types of construction projects

Building construction projects: Building construction the largest segment of construction business providing shelter and services for habitation, educational, recreational, social and commercial needs.

Infrastructure construction project: These projects involve the use of large quantity of bulk materials like earth, steel and concrete. These include dams, canals, highways, airport, railways, bridges, docks and harbours, nuclear power plants.

Industrial construction projects: These include steel mills, petroleum refineries and many other manufacturing and processing industries.

Special-purpose construction-related projects: These include projects for protecting the environment, utility service complex operations, etc.

World Famous Constructions

Ever since the dawn of civilization, man has been involved in some form of construction activity. Even in ancient times, man created architectural marvels, which came to be regarded as the wonders of the world.

Pyramids of Egypt contains ,more than 2000000 blocks, with an average weight of about 2.3 tons each.  

                                                                                                                                                                                          
Great Wall of China

        It is built to provide protection against surprise enemy rides, is about 6400 km long and its height and width at the top varies from 5 to 10m.It has 20m height towers placed every few hundred meters.

 

Angkor temples of Cambodia

        'Khmer’ refers to the dominant ethnic group in modern and ancient Cambodia. In its modern usage, ‘Angkor’ has come to refer to the capital city of the Khmer Empire that existed in the area of Cambodia between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, as well as to the empire itself. The temple ruins in the area of Siem Reap are the remnants of the Angkorian capitals, and represent the pinnacle of the ancient Khmer architecture, art and civilization. 

  Tower of Babel 
  
         It is a Near Eastern etiological myth that is recorded in the Jewish Tanakh's first book (Genesis). it is meant to explain the origin of different languages There they agreed to build a city and a tower "tall enough to reach heaven”;, seeing this, God, viewing such behavior as rude and disrespectful, confounded their speech so that they could no longer understand each other and scattered them around the world


Taj Mahal  

         It is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in a vast Mughal garden that encompasses nearly 17 hectares, in the Agra District in Uttar Pradesh.The Taj mahal is considered to be the great architectural in the whole rang of indo-islamic architectural.

Tower of Pisa
         It is more accurately referred to simply as the bell tower, or campanile.The Pisa tower is one of the four buildings that make up the cathedral complex in Pisa, Italy, called Campo dei Miracoli or Piazza dei Miracoli, which means Field of Miracles



                                                                                                                                              Burj Khalifa 

         It is one of the word tallest building which is in Dubai,UAE.


Happy Learning...!!! See you in the next article.